On 11th February 2020, coordination workshop

During this period, On 11th February 2020, AWEC conducted a coordination workshop for strong coordination and referral service. Co-Partner MOI, MOJ, CIC, and TABSH NGOs attained in the workshop. AWEC presented all project activities, challenges, and recommendations. All partners show their commitment to the effective implementation of the project.

Provision of legal representation and advice for women and girls in Balkh Women’s Prison (BWP) and Balkh Girls JRC (BGJRC) and staff training and case management: Responding to the structural violence inherent in the justice and corrections system requires both improving the legal representation in order to change the sentencing of women and also training and capacity building of justice and corrections staff to improve conditions within detention centers. That need to an increased ability of Balkh Women’s Prison (BWP) and Balkh Girls’ Juvenile Rehabilitation Centre to rehabilitate detainees. The Defense lawyer twice-weekly visited provided legal advice detainees; women and girls at BWP and one girl in the BGJRC on their legal and human rights,  violence against women and girls, and ‘Mahar’ (dowry) rights of women under marriage. Throughout the First quarter of the year 2020, the lawyer has given legal advice to 78 women and girls in Balkh Women’s Prison (BWP), defended 9 cases from which 8 has been completed and one case is ongoing. 33 (22 male and 11 female)BWP staff received training on UN SCR Resolution 1325. 

Education services at BWP and BGJRC
Whether through services to support medical needs or offering opportunities to women and girls at BWP to attend educational and vocational training courses, confidence and new skill sets will improve the future situation for women and girls, equipping them to support themselves and their families. Throughout the first quarter of 2020, 10 inmates received computer class and 14 inmates received English class at BWP.
Education services for women and girls at BWP and BGJRC will commence and comprise Accelerated Learning (AL) classes. The AL classes will be for women and girls, who are able to read and write and who wish to continue their formal education. Dari, Pashtu, Islamic and cultural subjects taught and classes organized according to the Ministry of Education curriculum In the first quarter of the year 2020, 9 women from prison graduated from 6 grade AL class registered to the Education department. So imprisoned women after their release can continue their education at the governmental school. At the end of Feb 2020, we have enrolled 20 students in 4th grade of our AL class and will register them to the Education department of government.

Provide childcare for children of women in the BWP
Women who have children with them in the prison, from new-born to seven-year-olds, will benefit from daycare facilities provided under this action, enabling them to participate in education and vocational services, safe in the knowledge that their children are being well cared. 21 children received care during the first quarter of the year 2020. The children have learned, how to count, draw, read, and write the alphabet, engage in storytelling other educational activities as well. skills from a well-equipped, safe, comfortable room/annex. During the first quarter of the year 2020, all children have been provided with daily food and snacks three times, namely dated 22.12.2019, 21.01.2020, 12.02.2020, and on 22.12.2019 clothes and shoes have been distributed for 22 kids (13 girls and 9 boys) of BWP kindergarten.

 

Distribution of Hygiene Material at BWP/BGJRC on 26.12.2019

Provision of medical services and monthly distribution of health and hygiene materials for Women at Balkh Women’s Prison (BWP)
BWP was not the inadequate provision of medical services or basic health/ hygiene supplies (sanitary towels, soap, toothpaste, bed linen). In the short to medium term, BWP does not have a budget allocation to meet these basic requirements. The female doctor in BWP twice-weekly provide medical service and medical counseling to ensuring that women have access to health services and receive treatment. 137 inmate women treated and 30 received medical counseling. Throughout this reporting period, the monthly supply of health/ hygiene materials is provided between 75 to 85 women in the BWP and one girl in the Balkh Girl Juveniles Center (BGJRC)dated on 26.12.2019, 23.01.2020, and 13.02.2020. The SW assigned for distributing the monthly supplies of health/ hygiene materials, And relief material distributed for 70 inmates on 26.12.2019 as well. In addition, imprisoned for 7 pregnant women health care service provided three times dated on 26.12.2019, 23.01.2020, and 13.02.2020.

The training will enable officials and prison officers to better understand the rights of women and girls under their care and to apply the rules and regulations of prison and detention center management according to the law. Throughout this quarter, women and girls at BWP/ BGJRC received training on topics of Harassment and Human rights for 69 women at BWP and one girl at BGJRC, Gender training for 69 women at BWP and one girl at BGJRC, and Mental Pressure training for 75 women at BWP and one girl at BGJRC.

Training of BWP staff on 24 Dec 2019

 

Vocational Training (VT) services at BWP and BGJRC
AWEC project manager and referral officer had a meeting discussion with four released women from the previous group and two released women from the newly released group to observe their product for the coming exhibition that hold launched by Hagar International organization in Gowharshad university. As before the AWEC referral officer arranged a meeting with the post released women to share her plan with women that they shall sew some new embroidery clothes for the exhibition. The courses have been selected based on AWECs experience delivering successful VT services for women and girls at Kabul Women’s Prison and Girls JRC. They are contextually and culturally appropriate and respond to the need for skills training of women/girls leading to improved income generation opportunities – both during and after detention. This activity is supported and encouraged by this   Project Team. In addition, on release, each woman will receive a start-up kit t help them establish home-based enterprises for income generation. Throughout the first quarter of 2020, 30 women received VT classes. 15 inmates received training in bag making and 15 inmates received training in handicraft. 
All the students in these two classes have fully learned bag-making and Handicraft making, now they have production and sales. The items they produce are sold by themselves on their visit days with their families or their teachers provide them markets to sell their productions outside the prison, and the money is given back and use for their basic needs. On July 2019, we had graduated 15 students from VT classes and all of them are busy in making bags and dresses, our teachers help them in selling their products or preparing raw material from the market.
 

Production of Bag-Making class on Jan 2020

Social Worker (SW) in the BWP to provide case-management and family liaison for women, and facilitate reintegration
A female SW is employed by AWEC from the first quarter of Year 1. Based at BWP, the SW is responsible for providing case management and family liaison, running monthly group sessions, as well as for supporting and facilitating the successful reintegration of women, post-release. This includes reconnecting women/ girls with their families and re-establishing ties so that once women/girls are released, they can return home. In cases where it is deemed unsafe for women to return to their families i.e. on account of domestic or sexual violence, the SW connects women with safe houses/women’s refuges. To aide successful reintegration of women post-release, the SW also conduct follow-up support visits to women over 12-months (monthly, in the first 6-months and bi-monthly thereafter). This also enables the action to monitor and track the effectiveness of the rehabilitation services provided to women on their reintegration. These activities are managed and supervised by AWEC.
Throughout the first quarter of the year 2020, the social worker had filled the entry forms of 16 women, who had been brought to the prison and give them information about the project activities and classes. She had family visits and telephone contact 80 times with released women and their family members to make sure that they are safely integrated into their families and have no problems there.  
The social worker consulted with 43 inmates on different situations, she gave them different advice on the family problems and also contacted their family members (mother, father, brother, sister and children) 91 times to make them convince to accept the inmate after her release.
During this quarter 7 prisoners were released and all of them were successfully integrated into their families with the help of the social worker.
Also as it is reflected in the proposal, the social worker serves the individual services, such as referring the inmates to the doctor, lawyer and gives them information about all the services that AWEC does for inmates in BWP and BGJRC and in this reporting period the social worker had served 90 individual services, among which 54 inmates had been referred to the lawyer, 9 inmates had been referred to the doctor for the health issues they had and 21 inmates had been given information about the project and individual services in prison and 6 inmates had been given social advice.

For successful reintegration, local NGOs, community leaders, local authorities are well placed to work with families and communities to prepare them, both practically and emotionally, for a prisoner’s return. Public perceptions and media representations of prisoners and prison life can also influence how communities react to released prisoners. Prison authorities themselves can play a key role in improving the way prisoners are represented to society. In first-quarter 19 time through call communication contact with NGOs to provide potential work opportunities and providing them with appropriate services in the community. And one post released women inmate in the first-quarter link to market for employment.




01 March 2019- 31 May 2019
Venue: Kabul and Balkh, Afghanistan

Provision of childcare services for children of inmates in the BWP. There are 24 children in the BWP living with their mothers. The childcare worker visits six days of the week, each day from 8:pm to 4:00 pm.

Training for prison staff
On June 26, 2019, there was a session called “Gender” with the participation of 40 prison staff (9 females and 31 male). The session was in prison and had a positive impact increasing participants’ understanding of the issue (from 1.73% to 9.9%0 (from 10)).On July 24, 2019, there was a session called “Rights of prisoners and detainees” with participation of 37 prison staff (13 females and 24 male). The session was in prison and had a positive impact increasing participants’ understanding of the issue (from 5.00% to 49.25% (from 50)).

Handicraft course:
At the end of May 2019, there are 18 students in “Handicraft class” while in the previous quarterly report, there were 16 students, recently 2 students have joined the class. The trainees are selected based on the criteria of their interest. The two new trainees are recently detained that’s why they have joined late.  1st March 2019 to 31ST May 2019, students of the class produced 30 dresses from which 16 has been sold and their income was 11,070 AFN. The money was distributed among the students of this class. The sale procedure as the same as the for the bag making class. These classes are held three days a week in BWP and for a duration of 3-hour long.

Provision of legal representation and advice to women and girls in Balkh Women’s Prison B.W.P and Balkh Girls JRC (BGJRC)
The defense lawyer contracted legal representation of 12 prisoners. 7 of the cases have been completed and 5 are still ongoing.The defense lawyer also provided legal advice on how to use the right to appeal during a legal procedure for justice by defendants, how to get a Legal Exemption Letter and how it helps. They also provided information on moral crimes, smuggling and its dangers, laws of Inheritance and divorce for 91 women at BWP. Deliver awareness raising sessions and training for the inmates and prison staff.

Figure 12 session “Rights of prisoners and detainees

 

Basic Practical Education (BPE) Sewad Heyati:
The Sewad Heyati classes started on August 2018. In May 2019, there were 8 students enrolled in BPE class on the basis of their own interest  and criteria of  the period they are going to spend in prison. The inmates must be sentenced for more than six months for a crime to be eligible for enrollment. BPE class is scheduled 3 days a week, 3 hours long in the class room inside the BWP. They study all the subjects in the class which are taught in state schools.  The teacher gives monthly exams to measure the learning level and also  quarterly and yearly exams ( Charnima and Saalana exam) to promote them from one grade to a higher one in conformity with the government rules. Now our students are registered officially in to the Ministry of Education data base and have promoted to grade 6.

Vocational Training (VT) services at BWP:

The Bag making classes started on August 2018. At the end of May 2019, there are 15 active students in “bag making” classes, while at the time of the previous report, there were 14 students meaning that recently a new student has joined the “bag making” class. The bag making classes are held inside the BWP for four and half hours thrice a week on following days: Saturday, Sunday and Tuesday. By the end of May 2019 students of the class produced 77 bags and . So far, the income of this class was 17,260 AFN and the money was distributed among the students of the class. The sale procedure is simple; the produced bags showcased on Mondays (visiting day of relatives of the prisoners), each bag has price tag of 350 up to 500, depending on the complexity of the design and style. The main costumer of the products are the visitors. The income generated from the produced bags are returned fully to the producers of the bags that are all the trainees.

 

Computer Class:
Computer class is scheduled 2 days a week, 3-hour long in BWP. programs. The last reported number of students was nine, and one new student has joined the class so now there are ten students. The students are selected based on their interest and very basic knowledge of English that is tested orally. By the end of May 2019, the students were able to perform various computer related tasks including using windows interface, MS. Word and keyboard for typing. The skills learned by the students are measured by practical tests at the end of each week. Since the test is performed practically and not in soft manner, we will not able to provide proof and must rely on the observation report of the trainer.

English class:
There Each session of the class is 3 hours long  and the class is held two days a week. Teaching material for this course includes “Let’s go” English books. The students are divided into two groups: one is engaged in Let`s Go One and the other is in Let`s Go Two.To measure the learning progress of the students, weekly quizzes are taken and the teacher makes them talk in English and practices some conversations with them. The quizzes and oral test indicate progress of the students.
Provision of medical services and monthly distribution of health and hygiene materials for Women at BWP & extra food and medical supplies for pregnant inmates:

Figure 5 Distribution of food and medical supplies for pregnant women

 

 


Project: EU-Children in Crisis Project Duration: June 1st, 2018-till-Nov-2020
This project will improve the situation of women and children in conflict with the law in Afghanistan. Current conditions are dire. The justice and corrections system, through a lack of co-ordination, resources and commitment, is failing to protect the rights of those detained, to avoid unnecessary incarceration, to effectively rehabilitate those sentenced and to successfully reintegrate them on release. The Overall Objective of this action is to support vulnerable children and women in conflict with the law in the following three key areas: diversion to avoid involvement with the justice system; rehabilitation through creating improved conditions within detention center and supporting the emotional and physical well-being of women and children, as well as preparing them for a safe return to society; and reintegration to overcome, both the stigma they face following detention, as well as to avoid the return to the conditions which led to their initial arrest.
Project outcomes
Diversion: To enable vulnerable children and women in conflict with the law to avoid unnecessary detention; Rehabilitation: To support the emotional and physical well-being of children and women in conflict with the law in detention centers and to prepare them for a safe and more productive return to society; & Reintegration – to enable women and children in conflict with the law to overcome the stigma they face following detention and to successfully reintegrate back into society.


Report Duration: 1 December 2018- 30 November 2019
Venue: Hagar International organization in Gowharshad University

Four post released women introduced to the exhibition that was launched by Hagar International organization in Gowharshad University on 29 and 30 October 2019.Women in Afghanistan have been disproportionately affected by decades of economic and political instability. Since the 2001, women have made substantial gains. Women’s rights were enshrined in the national constitution of 2003, and successive national governments have vowed to protect women’s rights, eliminate violence against women, and support women’s economic empowerment and political participation. During this period, women had been instrumental in the shaping of Afghan society. The Afghan constitution and the Law on Elimination of Violence against Women afford rights, protections, and opportunities to women that are unprecedented in the region and among other Muslim countries.

“It is crucial that Afghanistan builds on the limited but important gains made on women’s rights so that we are able to confront the many challenges that remain. The international community must stand with Afghan women at this crucial time,” Sima Samer. Afghanistan is still a long way from becoming a stable state, where women can enjoy equal rights and live in safety. Although the current Afghan government is publicly committed to women’s rights and empowerment, women continue to face significant barriers to exercising those rights. Investing in women’s economic empowerment sets a direct path towards gender equality, poverty eradication and inclusive economic growth. Women make enormous contributions to economies, whether in businesses, on farms, as entrepreneurs or employees, or by doing unpaid care work at home.

Post released women sell their products and collected 700 Af, 1150 Af. , 2400Af. One of post released woman by name of Shogofa (shame name) said that: “this is my first time and experience to joint in such event. She add, I am very happy to attend in such market place every one competing for their business. Also, I learned to how improve my products quality to find more customer and earn more. That gave me the power I can work in a place their many people and organization competing for their business”. Also, Nazanin ( shame name), Said that: “I connect with new group of women they can help me to buy my products and will gave me their raw material to make at home and paid for me.” She add, I am very happy now I can produce more products and grow up her business.

Meeting with post released women

AWEC project manager and referral officer had a meeting discussion with four released women from previous group and two released women from new released group to observe their product for the coming exhibition that hold launched by Hagar International organization in Gowharshad university. As before AWEC referral officer arranged meeting with the post released women to share her plan with women that they shall sew some new embroidery clothes for the exhibition.

AWEC conducting coordination workshop with partners for economic empowerment, rehabilitation reintegration of vulnerable women and girls

On 26 November 2019 AWEC conducting coordination workshop with partners for economic empowerment, rehabilitation reintegration of vulnerable women and girls to update handbook and enlist new organizations on it. In addition shared the handbook with organization that are listed in handbook to update the information of handbook according their new activities programs, contact number, contact person and update address for revising of handbook.
The MOU was signed with ZARDOZI NGO

On 11.20.2019. ZARDOZI is a local organization and established on 2004. Aiming to provide economic and social services to Afghan women in four provinces Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad and Kapisa. Based on this MOU ZARDOZI organization has agreed to enrolled post released women on the vocational training classes, exhibition, receiving of small loan and other services that will be provided by the mentioned organization.




01 March 2019- 31 May 2019
Venue: Kabul and Balkh, Afghanistan

Provision of childcare services for children of inmates in the BWP. There are 24 children in the BWP living with their mothers. The childcare worker visits six days of the week, each day from 8:pm to 4:00 pm.

Training for prison staff
On June 26, 2019, there was a session called “Gender” with the participation of 40 prison staff (9 females and 31 male). The session was in prison and had a positive impact increasing participants’ understanding of the issue (from 1.73% to 9.9%0 (from 10)).On July 24, 2019, there was a session called “Rights of prisoners and detainees” with participation of 37 prison staff (13 females and 24 male). The session was in prison and had a positive impact increasing participants’ understanding of the issue (from 5.00% to 49.25% (from 50)).

Handicraft course:
At the end of May 2019, there are 18 students in “Handicraft class” while in the previous quarterly report, there were 16 students, recently 2 students have joined the class. The trainees are selected based on the criteria of their interest. The two new trainees are recently detained that’s why they have joined late.  1st March 2019 to 31ST May 2019, students of the class produced 30 dresses from which 16 has been sold and their income was 11,070 AFN. The money was distributed among the students of this class. The sale procedure as the same as the for the bag making class. These classes are held three days a week in BWP and for a duration of 3-hour long.

Provision of legal representation and advice to women and girls in Balkh Women’s Prison B.W.P and Balkh Girls JRC (BGJRC)
The defense lawyer contracted legal representation of 12 prisoners. 7 of the cases have been completed and 5 are still ongoing.The defense lawyer also provided legal advice on how to use the right to appeal during a legal procedure for justice by defendants, how to get a Legal Exemption Letter and how it helps. They also provided information on moral crimes, smuggling and its dangers, laws of Inheritance and divorce for 91 women at BWP. Deliver awareness raising sessions and training for the inmates and prison staff.

Figure 12 session “Rights of prisoners and detainees

 

Basic Practical Education (BPE) Sewad Heyati:
The Sewad Heyati classes started on August 2018. In May 2019, there were 8 students enrolled in BPE class on the basis of their own interest  and criteria of  the period they are going to spend in prison. The inmates must be sentenced for more than six months for a crime to be eligible for enrollment. BPE class is scheduled 3 days a week, 3 hours long in the class room inside the BWP. They study all the subjects in the class which are taught in state schools.  The teacher gives monthly exams to measure the learning level and also  quarterly and yearly exams ( Charnima and Saalana exam) to promote them from one grade to a higher one in conformity with the government rules. Now our students are registered officially in to the Ministry of Education data base and have promoted to grade 6.

Vocational Training (VT) services at BWP:

The Bag making classes started on August 2018. At the end of May 2019, there are 15 active students in “bag making” classes, while at the time of the previous report, there were 14 students meaning that recently a new student has joined the “bag making” class. The bag making classes are held inside the BWP for four and half hours thrice a week on following days: Saturday, Sunday and Tuesday. By the end of May 2019 students of the class produced 77 bags and . So far, the income of this class was 17,260 AFN and the money was distributed among the students of the class. The sale procedure is simple; the produced bags showcased on Mondays (visiting day of relatives of the prisoners), each bag has price tag of 350 up to 500, depending on the complexity of the design and style. The main costumer of the products are the visitors. The income generated from the produced bags are returned fully to the producers of the bags that are all the trainees.

 

Computer Class:
Computer class is scheduled 2 days a week, 3-hour long in BWP. programs. The last reported number of students was nine, and one new student has joined the class so now there are ten students. The students are selected based on their interest and very basic knowledge of English that is tested orally. By the end of May 2019, the students were able to perform various computer related tasks including using windows interface, MS. Word and keyboard for typing. The skills learned by the students are measured by practical tests at the end of each week. Since the test is performed practically and not in soft manner, we will not able to provide proof and must rely on the observation report of the trainer.

English class:
There Each session of the class is 3 hours long  and the class is held two days a week. Teaching material for this course includes “Let’s go” English books. The students are divided into two groups: one is engaged in Let`s Go One and the other is in Let`s Go Two.To measure the learning progress of the students, weekly quizzes are taken and the teacher makes them talk in English and practices some conversations with them. The quizzes and oral test indicate progress of the students.
Provision of medical services and monthly distribution of health and hygiene materials for Women at BWP & extra food and medical supplies for pregnant inmates:

Figure 5 Distribution of food and medical supplies for pregnant women